Glossary

Decorating Terms

Branding:
A hot die imprint usually burned into leather or wood.

Deboss:
Machine presses a die into the surface of the material, resulting in a depressed imprint.

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Deboss with Colorfill:
Combination of the Deboss and color, deboss then filled.

Decal:
Artwork is produced on a transparent decal, then applied to product.

Die Struck:
A reverse die is made of the imprint, then machine struck onto the metal surface. Die struck pieces are predominantly metal (lapel pins, etc.) and may be color filled.

Emboss:
Machine presses a die into the surface of the material, resulting in a depressed area around the imprint desired. Imprint appears to be raised.

Embroidery:
Logo is digitized into a “tape”. Machine reads tape to stitch logo onto surface of product. Usually includes up to 5 colors of threads in one logo. Pricing is based on stitch count. Embroidery cannot be PMS Matched.

Etch and Engraving:
Methods for transferring a design to hard, smooth material such as glass.

Foil Stamp:
(see Hotstamp)

Four Color Process:
Photo-quality full color image is created by laying 4 colors (cyan, magenta, yellow and black) on top of each other.

Hotstamp with Foil:
Heat is used to leave a foil imprint of the design on the surface. Available in a variety of colors but can only be implemented in a single color for the entire design.

Laser Engraving:
Logo is digitized then lasered into hard surfaces such as wood, metal or glass.

Offset Printing:
Is a process of transferring ink from a metal printing plate to a rubber-covered cylinder. Used on more complex artwork and for higher quantity runs.

Pad Print:
Used on oddly shaped products and surfaces. Only one color can be imprinted.

Silkscreen:
Ink is pressed thru a fine screen leaving a flat, painted imprint on the surface of the material.

Sublimation:
Is a heat transfer method of imprint using heat-activated dyes that “sublimate” into the fabric; becoming part of the fabric, not an imprint sitting on top of the fabric.

Industry Terms

Ad Copy:
Lettering imprinted on any item. Usually an advertiser’s name, sales message, trademark or slogan.

Artwork:
Any non-typeset drawing, photo, illustration or lettering in an ad.

Bleed:
When an illustration runs all the way to the edges of the page or sheet after it’s trimmed.

Boldface:
A heavy typeface used for titles or emphasis.

Camera-ready Art:
Any drawing, photo, illustration or lettering suitable for photographic reproduction.

Color Separations:
The separation of multi-colored original art by camera or laser-scan techniques to produce individual separated colors. There are four common separations: yellow, magenta, cyan and black.

Continuous Tone Art:
Photograph, painting or other piece of art in which black & white tones gradually merge into one another.

Crop:
To eliminate a portion of a picture, illustration or photograph that contains unnecessary material or to highlight a certain area of the image.

DPI:
Dots per inch. Sometimes expressed as pixels per inch. For bitmap images, the number of individual elements of color information per inch.

EPS File:
EPS stands for “Encapsulated Postscript”, which is a sophisticated file format for capturing precise image and text information. Because of the mathematical basis for building the format, EPS files are the most reliable method for communicating artwork.

Font:
Used to describe a complete typeset from a particular typeface. Examples include Helvetica, Times New Roman, Arial, etc.

Four-color Process:
A printing process that creates color productions by overprinting screens that individually prints reds, yellows, blues and black. All colors can be represented as a combination of these four.

GIF File:
A type of bitmap image file that Branders.com supports for artwork upload. Files of this type have a .gif suffix.

Halftone:
An image produced by breaking the subject into small dots of varying intensities of gray ranging from white to black.

Illustrator by Adobe:
Adobe® Illustrator® is industry standard illustration software that creates graphically rich artwork for print or the Web. It provides powerful and flexible tools for PostScript®.

Italic:
In type, letter forms that slope to the right.

Kern:
To add or delete space between pairs of adjacent characters. Also known as letterspacing.

Line Art:
Black and white illustration of reproduction quality.

Overrun:
The number of products in excess of the number originally ordered.

Pantone Matching System (PMS):
A color scale used to precisely match colors for printing. Each color has a coded number indicating instructions for mixing inks to achieve it.

Sans-serif Type:
A type style without cross strokes at the end of the main strokes.

Serif Type:
Any typeface with letters having a cross stroke at the end of the main stroke.

Spot Color:
A single consistent color used throughout an area.

Supplier:
A company that offers for sale, usually through distributors, Promotional Products it manufacturers or imprints according to buyer specifications. Also known as a manufacturer. (Note: In Canada, a supplier of Promotional Products is known as a distributor).

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TIFF File:
Stands for Tagged Image File Format. This is another bitmap file format that is supported for Artwork Upload.

Typeface:
A general term used to describe the styles of lettering available in typesetting. See also FONTS.

Under Run:
The number of products less than what was originally ordered.

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